- holdhold1 [hōld]vt.held, holding [ME holden < Anglian OE haldan (WS healdan), akin to Ger halten, Goth haldan, to tend sheep < IE base * kel-, to drive, incite to action > Gr kelēs, swift horse, L celer, swift: prob. sense development: drive (cattle, etc.)—tend—possess]1. to take and keep with the hands or arms, or by other means; grasp; clutch; seize☆ 2. to keep from going away; not let escape [to hold a prisoner, hold the train]3. to keep in a certain place or position, or in a specified condition [to hold one's head up]4. to restrain or control; specif.,a) to keep from falling; bear the weight of; support [pillars holding the roof]b) to keep from acting; keep back [hold your tongue]c) to keep from advancing or attackingd) to keep from getting an advantagee) to get and keep control of; keep from relaxing [to hold someone's attention]f) to continue; maintain [to hold a course]g) to sustain or satisfy for the time being [a muffin should hold you until supper time ]☆ h) to keep (a letter, etc.) for delivery lateri) to keep (a room, etc.) for use laterj) to keep under obligation; bind [hold him to his word]k) to resist the effects of (alcoholic liquor)5. to have and keep as one's own; have the duties, privileges, etc. of; own; possess; occupy [to hold shares of stock, to hold the office of mayor]6. to keep against an enemy; guard; defend [hold the fort]7. to have or conduct together; specif.,a) to carry on (a meeting, conversation, etc.)b) to perform (a function, service, etc.) [to hold classes in the morning]8. to call together or preside over [to hold court]9. to have or keep within itself; have room or space for; contain [a bottle that holds a quart]10. to have or keep in the mind11. to have an opinion or belief about; regard; consider [to hold a statement to be untrue]12. Lawa) to decide; adjudge; decreeb) to bind by contractc) to possess by legal title [to hold a mortgage]13. Music to prolong (a tone or rest)vi.1. to retain a hold, a firm contact, etc. [hold tight]2. to go on being firm, loyal, etc. [to hold to a resolution]3. to remain unbroken or unyielding; not give way [the rope held]4. to have right or title: usually with from or of5. to be in effect or in force; be true or valid [a rule that holds in any case]6. to keep up; continue [the wind held from the north ]; specif.,a) to remain in the air, waiting to land [a plane held over Boston]b) to remain on a telephone line [that line is busy — will you hold?]7. Archaic to go no further; stop oneself; halt: usually in the imperativen.1. the act or manner of grasping or seizing; grip; specif., a way of gripping an opponent in wrestling2. a thing to hold or hold on by3. a thing for holding or containing something else4.a) a controlling or dominating force; restraining authority [to have a firm hold over someone]b) a being aware or in control [to lose one's hold on life]5. a means of confinement; prison6. a temporary halt or delay, as to make repairs, or an order to make such a halt7. an order reserving something8. Obs. a stronghold9. Obs. the act or fact of guarding, possessing, etc.10. Music PAUSE (sense 4)SYN.- CONTAIN——————catch hold ofto take; seize; grasp——————get hold of1. to take; seize; grasp2. to acquire——————hold back1. to restrain2. to refrain3. to retain——————hold down1. to keep down or under control; restrain☆ 2. Informal to have and keep (a job)3. to limit; restrict [the rain held down attendance at the game]——————hold forth [cf. Phil. 2:16]1. to speak at some length; preach; lecture2. Now Rare to offer; propose——————hold in1. to keep in or back2. to control oneself or one's impulses——————hold off1. to keep away or at a distance2. to keep from attacking or doing something3. to delay action on a matter, as in awaiting additional information——————hold on1. to retain one's hold2. to continue; persist3. Informal stop! wait!——————hold one's ownto maintain one's place or condition in spite of obstacles or reverses——————hold out1. to last; endure; continue2. to continue resistance; stand firm; not yield3. to offer☆ 4. Informal to fail or refuse to give (what is to be given)——————hold out forInformal to stand firm in demanding——————hold over1. to postpone consideration of or action on2. to keep or stay for an additional period or term☆ 3. to keep as a threat or advantage over——————hold up1. to keep from falling; prop up2. to show; exhibit3. to last; endure; continue4. to stop; delay; impede☆ 5. to stop forcibly and rob☆ 6. Informal to overcharge——————hold with1. to agree or side with2. to approve of——————lay hold of or take hold of1. to take; seize; grasp2. to get control or possession of——————no holds barredInformal with no set rules or limits——————on hold1. in a period or state of interruption or delay [the countdown was on hold]2. in a state of interruption in a telephone call, as during a transfer to another line [I was on hold for five minutes]hold2 [hōld]n.[altered (after HOLD1) < HOLE or < MDu hol, a hole, cave, ship's hold]1. the interior of a ship below decks, esp. below the lower deck, in which the cargo is carried2. the compartment for cargo in an aircraft
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.